Safety Frequently Asked Questions
A company must provide employees adequate personal protective equipment where necessary in the performance of their duties. They must determine and document what constitutes adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) through completion of a job hazard assessment or development of a standard operating procedure (SOP). Adequate PPE must be provided to employees at no cost, including replacement resulting from regular use. Companies must insure that employees are adequately trained and that assigned PPE is worn when hazards are present. Employees are expected to use assigned PPE when called for by the hazard assessment, standard operating procedure, container label or material safety data sheet. PPE shall be maintained by the employee in a clean, sanitary and usable condition. Also, visitors must be provided appropriate PPE when visiting a hazardous area.
Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a methodology that systematically analyzes the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. The analysis identifies the potential impact of task related hazards on:
- the safety and health of the employees engaged in the task
- the safety and health of other employees in the workplace
- the effect of the hazard on the workplace environment
If conducted appropriately, JSA will frequently lead to improvement in the flow of work and serve as safe standard operating procedures for workplace tasks.
Injuries, illnesses, and loss of employees have a tremendous effect on the workplace morale, the life of the employees and their families. Additionally, these losses have a very high economic impact. The National Council on Compensation, Inc. (NCCI) collected and analyzed data on workplace injuries and other national and state factors impacting workers compensation, from more than 900 insurance companies from 40 state governments. The following table was established based on the NCCI data. The table provides estimates for costs and additional sales required to cover losses due to injuries based on three profit margins (based on data from 2004). The table demonstrates the enormity of the financial impact of an injury.
|Type of injury||
|Additional sales to cover costs|
|10% Profit Margin||5% Profit Margin||3% Profit Margin|
Conducting JSAs will help in prevention of injuries and illnesses, establishing proper job procedures, and ensure that employees are trained appropriately.
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Last updated: 11/13/2014